Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

The Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

General Editor John R. Shook

The Dictionary of Early American Philosophers (DEAP) was published by Continuum in 2011. Now sold by Bloomsbury.
DEAP joins a growing series of impressive biographical dictionaries, including the Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers.

Early American Philosophers were contributors to philosophical thought who lived in the territories of present-day U.S. and Canada from 1600 to 1860. DEAP will include approximately 400 figures, including hundreds of professional educators responsible for teaching philosophy, along with many theologians, social scientists and reformers, political theorists, lawyers, physicians, and scientists.

 

Individuals included in DEAP

Last Name First Name Dates Career Author Reference Works
Adams Hannah 1755-1832 Historian and theologian, authored early books on comparative religion. Angela Goodson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Adams John 1735-1826 2nd US President Brian Butler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Encyc Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Adams Jasper 1793-1841 President (1824-26, 1828-36) and Horry Prof. Moral and Political Philosophy (1828-36) at College of Charleston, S.C., then President of Geneva College (1826-28), Chaplain and Prof. Ethics, Geography, and History at West Point (1838-40). Christine Spencer Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Agassiz Jean Louis Rodolphe 1807-1873 Prof. Zoology and Natural History at Harvard (1847-73). Nathan Houser Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Comp Amer Thought, Encyc Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Alcott Amos Bronson 1799-1888 Schoolmaster in Boston and Concord, Massachusetts (1820s-1860s), Independent  scholar in Concord (1860s-1888). Scott Bartlett Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Comp Amer Thought, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Alden Joseph 1807-1885 Prof. Latin, then Rhetoric and Political Economy at Williams College (1835-52), Prof. Mental and Moral Philosophy at Lafayette College in Pennsylvania (1852-57), President of Jefferson College in Pennsylvania (1857-62) Charles Comer Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Alexander Archibald 1772-1851 Prof. Theology at Princeton Theological Seminary (1812-50). Timothy McConnell Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Alison Francis 1705-1779 Founded Academy of Philadelphia in 1743 and taught most classes incl. philosophy until 1752, Prof. Greek and Latin at Academy of Philadelphia (1752-55), Vice Provost and Prof. Higher Classics and Metaphysics at College of Philadelphia (1755-1779) John Fea Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Allen Ethan 1738-1789 Vermont Revolutionary and freethinker. John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Allen William 1784-1868 President of Bowdoin College in Maine (1820-1839). John Shook
Andrew Samuel 1656-1738 President of Yale (1707-1719) John Shook
Andrews Lorin 1819-1861 President and Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy and Political Economy at Kenyon College in Ohio (1853-61). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Andrews Israel Ward 1815-1888 Prof. Mathematics and Natural Philosophy at Marietta College in Ohio (1839-55), Prof. Moral, Intellectual, and Political Philosophy at Marietta (1855-85). John Shook Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Andrews Robert c1747-1804 Professor of Moral Philosophy (1777-1779), Professor of Moral Philosophy, the Law of Nature and of Nations, and the Fine Arts (1779-1784), Professor of Mathematics (1784-1804). John Shook
Andrews Stephen Pearl 1812-1884 Abolitionist and freethinker in New York. John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Andrews John 1746-1813 Anglican Minister, Vice Provost and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Univ. Pennsylvania (1789-1810), Provost and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Univ. Pennsylvania (1810-13). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Anthony Susan Brownell 1820-1906 Leader of Women’s Rights Movement in New York. Barbara Ryan Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Comp Amer Thought, Dict Amer Bio, Encyc Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Who Was Who in Amer
Appleton Jesse 1772-1819 President and Professor of Philosophy at Bowdoin College in Maine (1807-19) John Shook
Atwater Jeremiah 1774-1858 President of Middlebury College in Vermont (1800-1809), President of Dickinson College in Penn. (1809-1815). John Shook
Atwater Lyman Hotchkiss 1813-1883 Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy at Princeton (1854-1861). Professor of Revealed Religion and Metaphysics (1861-1867). Professor of Logic, Metaphysics, Ethics, Economics, and Politics (1869-1883). John Shook
Bachman John 1790-1874 Lutheran Minister in South Carolina and prominent naturalist. Pro-slavery yet defended full humanity of Africans. B. Ricardo Brown Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Backus Isaac 1724-1806 Baptist Minister in Massachusetts, defender of religious and political liberties. Stephen Wilson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bacon Joel Smith 1802-1869 Prof. Mental and Moral Philosophy at Hamilton College in New York (1833-37), President and Prof. Mental and Moral Philosophy at Columbian College (now George Washington University) (1843-54). Russ Pryba Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Ballou Hosea 1771-1852 Prominent Unitarian and Universalist in Massachusetts. Scott Bryant Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bancroft George 1800-1891 Historian and diplomat, wrote first American study of German literature and philosophy in 1827-28. Benjamin Park Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Barlow Joel 1754-1812 Diplomat, Member of the Hartford Wits, wrote on religion, government. Charles Comer Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bartlett Elisha 1804-1855 Physician in Massachusetts, Kentucky, New York City. Eric v.d. Luft Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bartol Cyrus Augustus 1813-1900 Unitarian Minister in Boston (1837-89) Adam Glover Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bascom Henry Bidleman 1796-1850 President of Transylvania College in Kentucky (1842-49). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Batchelder John Putnam 1784-1868 Physician in New England Eric v.d. Luft Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bates Joshua 1776-1854 President of Middlebury College in Vermont (1818-1839) John Shook
Baxter George Addison 1771-1841 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy and Mathematics at Washington College in Virginia (1799-1829). John Shook Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Beach Wooster 1794-1868 Physician in New York, founder of eclectic medicine, wrote The American Practice of Medicine (1833). Eric v.d. Luft
Beasley Frederick 1777-1845 Episcopal Minister, Provost and Prof. Mental and Moral Philosophy at Univ. Pennsylvania (1813-28). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Beaven James 1801-1875 Prof. Divinity and Philosophy at King’s College in Toronto (1843-1851), Prof. Philosophy at Toronto (1851-71). John Shook Canad Encyc, Dict Canad Bio
Beck Theodric Romeyn 1791-1855 Prof. Medicine and Medical Jurisprudence at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Fairfield NY (1815-40), Albany Medical College in NY (1840-54). Eli A. Braun Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Beecher Lyman 1775-1863 Presbyterian Minister, Prof. Theology at Lane Theological Seminary in Cincinnati (1832-50). Kyle Potter Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Beecher Edward 1803-1895 Congregational Minister, President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Illinois College (1830-44) David Pfeifer Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Beecher Catharine Esther 1800-1878 Liberal Congregational Minister in New York City (1847-87). Mary Ellen Waithe Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bellamy Joseph 1719-1790 Congregational Minister and Edwardsian theologian in Connecticut (1738-90) Katherine Hermes Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bishop Robert Hamilton 1777-1855 Prof. Philosophy at Transylvania College in Kentucky (1804-24), President of Miami University in Ohio (1824-41) and also Prof. History and Philosophy of Social Relations at Miami (1833-44), Prof. Social Phil. at Farmer’s College near Cincinnati (1845-55). Amanda Lusky Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Blackwell Antoinette Louisa Brown 1825-1921 Unitarian Minister and feminist in New York and New Jersey. Cicily Corbett Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Who Was Who in Amer
Blair James 1655-1743 President of College of William and Mary (1693-1743). John Shook
Blanchard Jonathan 1811-1892 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Knox College in Illinois (1846-58), President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Wheaton College in Illinois (1860-82). David Pfeifer Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Bland Richard 1710-1776 Revolutionary in Virginia. Karen Hoffman Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bledsoe Albert Taylor 1809-1877 Methodist Minister, Prof. Mathematics and Astronomy at Mississippi (1848-54), Prof. Mathematics at Virginia (1854-61). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bouvart Martin 1637-1705 Catholic Priest, Prof. Theology, Philosophy, and Rhetoric at the Collège des Jésuites in Quebec (1676-98), also Rector there (1698-1704). David Davis and John Shook Dict Canad Bio
Bowden John 1751-1817 Episcopal Minister, Prof. Moral Philosophy, Logic, Rhetoric, and Belles-letters at Columbia College in NYC (1803-17). Russ Pryba Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bowen Francis 1811-1890 Prof. Philosophy at Harvard (1835-39, 1853-89). Cornelis de Waal Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Boyd James Robert 1804-1890 Prof. Moral Philosophy and Pastor at Hamilton College in New York (?-?). Wrote “Eclectic moral philosophy” (1846). John Shook Dictionary of American Authors, Fifth edition
Bradstreet Anne 1612-1672 Poet, religious/philosophical thinker in Massachusetts. Therese Dykeman Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Branagan Thomas 1774-1843 Abolitionist in Philadelphia. Alexandra Perry Dict Lit Bio
Brantly William Theophilus 1787-1845 President and Horry Prof. of Moral, Intellectual, and Political Philosophy at College of Charleston, S.C. (1838-44). Christine Spencer Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans
Brattle William 1662-1717 Tutor at Harvard (1680-96), Fellow of Harvard (1696-1700). Harry Maddux Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Brigham Amariah 1798-1849 Physician and early psychiatrist. J. Elias Saidennunez Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Brown John 1763-1842 Prof. Logic and Moral Philosophy at Univ. South Carolina (1809-11), President and Prof. Philosophy at Univ. Georgia (1811-16). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Balz, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Brownell Thomas Church 1779-1865 President of Trinity College in Conn. (1824-31). John Shook
Brownson Orestes Augustus 1803-1876 Independent theologian, philosopher, and author. Gregory Butler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bryant William Cullen 1794-1878 Poet, social critic, abolitionist. Asher Walden Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Buchanan Joseph 1785-1829 Educator, journalist in Kentucky. David Schmidt Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Buchanan Joseph Rodes 1814-1899 American scientist, Faculty Dean and Professor in the Eclectic Medical Institute, in Covington, Kentucky. Judith A. Wiener Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Burton Asa 1752-1836 Congregational Minister and theologian in Vermont. Roger Ward Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Bushnell Horace 1802-1876 Congregational Minister in Connecticut (1833-76). Roger Ward Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Caldwell Joseph 1773-1835 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Univ. North Carolina (1816-35). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Calhoun John Caldwell 1782-1850 Vice President of US (1825-32), US Senator from South Carolina (1832-43, 1845-50). Brian Butler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Campbell Alexander 1788-1866 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Bethany College in (West) Virginia (1841-66). Elmer Duncan Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Cannon James Spencer 1776-1852 Prof. Pastoral Theology and Ecclesiastical History at Rutgers (1826-52), also responsible for Metaphysics. John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Cardell William Samuel 1780-1828 Langauges teacher in New York. Wrote “Essay on language, as connected with the faculties of the mind, and as applied to things in nature and art” (1825). Ryan Tweney Allibone’s Critical Dictionary of English Literature
Carey Henry Charles 1793-1879 Economist and social scientist Marc-William Palen Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Carey Mathew 1760-1839 Economist. Marc-William Palen Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Carnahan James 1775-1859 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Princeton (1823-1854). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Carter Landon 1710-1778 Politician in Virginia, Revolutionary Karen Hoffman Amer Nat Bio, Dict Lit Bio
Cary Mary Ann Camberton Shadd 1823-1893 African America/Canadian abolitionist; wrote for Frederick Douglass’s New National Era and The Advocate. Shamina Sneed Amer Nat Bio, Dict Canad Bio
Champlin James Tift 1811-1882 President of Colby College in Maine (1857-73). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Channing William Henry 1810-1884 Unitarian Minister in Boston, Washington D.C. Roger Ward Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Channing William Ellery 1780-1842 Unitarian Minister in Boston (1805-42), abolitionist. Kyle Welty Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Chapin Stephen 1778-1845 President and Prof. Moral and Intellectual Philosophy at Columbian College (now George Washington University) (1828-41). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Balz, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Chaplin Jeremiah 1776-1841 President of Waterville College (now Colby) in Maine (1820-1833) John Shook
Chase Philander 1775-1852 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Kenyon College in Ohio (1825-31). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Chase Salmon Portland 1808-1873 Abolitionist lawyer and politician in Ohio, Justice of U.S. Supreme Court (1864-73). Alexandra Perry Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Chauncy Charles 1705-1787 Congregationalist Minister and theologian in Massachusetts. Charles Lippy Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Chauncy Charles 1592-1672 President of Harvard (1654-72). Scott E. Bryant
Cheever George Barrell 1807-1890 Congregational minister and abolitionist in Boston and New York. Dorothy Rogers and Alexandra Perry Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Cheney Ednah Dow Littlehale 1824-1904 Teacher, writer, and social activist in Massachusetts. Therese Dykeman Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Child Lydia Maria Francis 1802-1880 Abolitionist and writer in Massachusetts. Terrance Macmullin Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Church Alonzo 1793-1862 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Univ. Georgia (1829-59). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Clap Thomas 1703-1767 Congregational Minister, President of Yale (1745-66). Robert Brown Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Clarke James Freeman 1810-1888 Lecturer in Theology, Ethics at Harvard Divinity School. John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Colden Cadwallader 1688-1776 Scientist, philosopher in New York. Scott Pratt Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Conover Samuel Forman 1762-1824 Physician in New Jersey. Mary M. Manning
Cooper Thomas 1759-1839 Scientist, President of Univ. South Carolina (1821-34), political economist. Matthew Pethers Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Cooper Myles 1737-1785 President of King’s College (later Columbia) in New York City (1763-75), taught theology and philosophy. Derek Hatch Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Crawford John 1746-1813 Physician in Maryland. Richard J. Behles Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Crawford Charles 1752-1815 Abolitionist in Philadelphia. Dict Lit Bio
Crocker Hannah Mather 1752-1829 Feminist in Boston, wrote “Observations on the Real Rights of Women” (1818). Eileen Botting Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, WWWHV
Cummings Joseph 1817-1890 Methodist Minister, President of Wesleyan University in Connecticut (1857-75), taught philosophy. Professor of Mental Philosophy and Political Economy at Wesleyan (1875-77). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Dagg John Leadley 1794-1884 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Mercer University in Georgia (1845-56). Jonathan Gainor Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Daggett Naphtali 1727-1780 Livingston Professor of Divinity (1754-1777). President of Yale (1766-1777). John Shook
Dall Caroline Wells Healey 1822-1912 Social scientist, feminist in Boston and Washington DC Dorothy Rogers Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Dana James 1735-1812 Congregational Minister in Connecticut. Adam Glover Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Dana Charles Anderson 1819-1897 Transcendentalist, poet, abolitionist, editor of New York Sun (1868-97). David Puller Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Dana Alexander Hamilton 1807-1887 Lawyer in New York. Wrote “Ethical and physiological inquiries” (1862) Mary Hitchcock Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
David John Baptist Mary 1761-1841 Prof. Philosophy at Georgetown College (1804-06). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Davies Samuel 1723-1761 Presbyterian Minister and theologian in Virginia, President of Princeton (1759-61). John Fea Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Davis Andrew Jackson 1826-1910 Spiritualist in New York David Schmidt Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Davis Henry 1771-1852 President of Middlebury College in Vermont (1809-1817), President of Hamilton College in New York (1817-1833) John Shook
Dawson William 1704-1752 Prof. Moral Philosophy at College of William and Mary (1729-52), also President there (1743-52). Karen Hoffman Amer Nat Bio, Dic Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Day Henry Noble 1808-1890 Prof. Theology at Western Reserve College in Ohio (1840-52), President of Ohio Female College (1858-64). Evan Moreno-Davis Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Day Jeremiah 1773-1867 President of Yale (1817-47). Roger Ward Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
De Quen Jean 1603-1659 Prof. at Collège des Jésuites in Quebec (1635-37?). David Puller Dict Canad Bio
Dean Amos 1803-1868 Prof. Medical Jurisprudence at Albany (NY) Medical College (1838-58). Eli A. Braun Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Deems Charles Force 1820-1893 Prof. Rhetoric and Logic at Univ. North Carolina (1842-47), President of Greensboro Female College (1850-54). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Balz, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
DeLancey William Heathcote 1797-1865 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Univ. Pennsylvania (1828-34). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Delaney Martin Robinson 1812-1885 Abolitionist and Black nationalist in Pennsylvania and South Carolina. Jean Van Delinder WWWHV
Demers Jérôme 1774-1853 Prof. Philosophy at Grand Séminaire de Québec (1800-1842). Jenifer Nipps Dict Canad Bio
Denkbaar Johannes 1795-1831 Psychologist and freethinker Mne Cornelis de Waal
Dew Thomas Roderick 1802-1846 Prof. Political Law at College of William and Mary (1827-36), President of College of William and Mary (1836-46). Christopher Roberts Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Dewey Orville 1794-1882 Unitarian Minister and theologian in Massachusetts and New York. Andy Black Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Dickinson John 1732-1808 Lawyer and politician in Pennsylvania, Revolutionary and member of Continental Congress. Joseph Palencik Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Dickinson Jonathan 1688-1747 Congregational Minister in New Jersey, First President of Princeton (1747). John Fea Amer Nat Bio, WWWHV.
Dickson John Augustus 1795-1847 Prof. Moral Philosophy and Languages at College of Charleston, S.C. (1824-28). Christine Spencer Dictionary of North Carolina Biography
Dickson Samuel Henry 1798-1872 Prof. Medicine at Medical College of South Carolina (1833-47, 1850-58), Prof. Medicine at Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia (1858-72). Eric v.d. Luft Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Dod Albert Baldwin 1805-1845 Prof. Mathematics at Princeton (1831-45). Steven Takacs Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Dods John Bovee 1795-1872 Investigator and lecturer on mesmerism. David Schmidt Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Douglass Frederick 1818-1895 Author, editor, and lecturer in Massachusetts and New York (1841-1895), U.S. Marshal for the District of Columbia (1877-81), U.S. Minister to Haiti (1889-91). Donald Brown Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Draper John William 1811-1882 Evolutionist, historian, Prof. Chemistry and Physiology at University of the City of New York (1838-1850), President of UCNY Medical School (1850-1881). John Tilley Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Dunster Henry 1609-1659 President of Harvard (1640-54). John Shook
Duparc Jean-Baptiste 1676-1742 Prof. Theology and Philosophy at Collège des Jésuites in Quebec (1707-15). David Puller Dict Canad Bio
Dwight Timothy 1752-1817 President and Prof. Theology at Yale (1795-1817). Kyle Welty Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Edger Henry 1820-1888 Advocate of Comte’s positivism. John Tilley Allibone’s Critical Dictionary of English Literature: A Supplement
Edwards Jonathan 1703-1758 Congregational Minister and theologian in Massachusetts. Robert Brown Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Edwards Jonathan, Jr. 1745-1801 Congregational Minister and theologian in Connecticut. Angela Goodson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Eliot John 1604-1690 Congregational Minister and theologian in Massachusetts. Katherine Hermes Amer Nat Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Ellis Charles Mayo 1818-1878 Boston lawyer and abolitionist. Jon Rogers Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Biographical Dictionary of Transcendentalism
Ely Ezra Stiles 1786-1861 Minister in New York, Philadelphia, and Missouri. Andy Black Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Emerson Mary Moody 1774-1863 Freethinker, Aunt of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Lou Tenzis
Emerson Ralph Waldo 1803-1882 Independent scholar in Concord, Massachusetts. David Justin Hodge Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Emmons Nathaniel 1745-1840 Congregationalist Minister and theologian. Kyle Potter Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Epinette Peter 1760-1832 Professor of Theology (1807-1813), Professor of Divinity and Philosophy (1817-1820) at Georgetown College. Prominent Catholic theologian. John Shook
Esson Henry 1793-1853 Prof. Philosophy at Knox College in Toronto (1844-53). Charlie Hobbs Dict Canad Bio
Evans Warren Felt 1817-1889 New Thought philosopher. David Schmidt Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Ewing John 1732-1802 Provost (1779-1802), Prof. Moral Philosophy (1758-1762), and Prof. Natural Philosophy (1762-78) at Univ. Pennsylvania. John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Fairchild James Harris 1817-1902 Professor of Theology and Moral Philosophy (1858-1866), President of Oberlin (1866-1889). John Shook
Fergusson Elizabeth Graeme 1737-1801 Philosophical poet; hosted a woman’s salon in her home in Philadelphia. Dorothy Rogers American Writers before 1800. A biographical and critical dictionary.
Ferland Jean-Baptiste-Antoine 1805-1865 Prof. Literature, History, and Philosophy at Collège de Nicolet in Quebec (1841-50), Prof. at Université Laval (1854-64). Dict Canad Bio
Ferris Isaac 1798-1873 Prof. Moral Science and Christian Evidence at University of New York (1852-70). Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Finley William Peronneau 1803-1876 President and Horry Prof. Moral, Intellectual, and Political Philosophy at College of Charleston, S.C. (1845-57). John Shook
Finney Charles Grandison 1792-1875 Prof. Theology at Oberlin College in Ohio (1835-72), also President of Oberlin (1851-66). Ann Duncan Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Fisher William Logan 1781-1862 Quaker Hicksite in Philadelphia, political radical and socialist. Michael Ziser
Fisk Wilbur 1792-1839 President of Wesleyan Univ. in Connecticut (1831-39). John Shook
Fiske Nathan Welby 1798-1847 Prof. Intellectual and Moral Philosophy at Amherst College (1836-47). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Fitch Ebenezer 1756-1833 President of Williams College (1793-1815) John Shook
Fitzhugh George 1806-1881 Lawyer in Virginia; pro-slavery and states’ rights advocate. Brian Butler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Flint Austin 1812-1866 Physician in New York, wrote Treatise on the Principles and Practice of Medicine (1866). Eric v.d. Luft
Flynt Henry 1675-1760 Tutor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy at Harvard, also taught most other subjects (1699-1760). Rick Kennedy Amer Nat Bio
Foster Abby Kelley 1811-1887 Abolitionist and feminist in Massachusetts. Alexandra Perry Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Fowler Orson Squire 1809-1887 Phrenologist. Cornelis de Waal Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Francis Convers 1795-1863 Unitarian Minister and transcendentalist in Massachusetts (1819-42); Professor of Pulpit Eloquence at Harvard (1842-63). David Puller Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, WWWHV
Franklin Benjamin 1706-1790 Publisher, scientist, and revolutionary. Cornelis de Waal and Monica Morrison Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Frelinghuysen Theodore 1787-1862 President and Professor of Moral Philosophy and International and Constitutional Law at Rutgers (1850-1862) John Shook
French John William 1809-1871 Professor of Ethics and Chaplain of U.S. Military Academy (1856-1871). John Shook
Frisbie Levi 1783-1822 Prof. Natural Religion, Moral Philosophy, and Civil Polity at Harvard (1817-22). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Fuller Margaret 1810-1850 Educator, feminist, and transcendentalist philosopher in Massachusetts and New York. Russ Pryba Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio
Furman James Clement 1809-1891 Prof. Intellectual and Moral Philosophy and Logic at Furman University in South Carolina (1852-91), also President there (1852-79). LuElla Putnam Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Gabaria Stephen John 1794-1847 Professor of Theology and Ethics (1834-1840), Professor of Moral Philosophy (1840-1847) at Georgetown College. John Shook
Gale George Washington 1789-1861 Prof. Moral Philosophy and Belles-lettres at Knox College in Illinois (1843-57). Kevin Tanner Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Garrison William Lloyd 1805-1879 Editor and abolitionist in Boston (1820s-1865). John Hillje Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Gaskell John 1804-1856 Wrote “Sense and sound, as they reciprocally form any sign of mind” (1854) and “New Elements From Old Subjects: Presented as the Basis for a Science of Mind” (1874). Steven Takacs Allibone’s Critical Dictionary of English Literature: A Supplement
Gay Ebenezer 1696-1787 Congregational Minister and theologian in Massachusetts. Stephen Wilson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
George James 1800-1870 Prof. Mental and Moral Philosophy at Queen’s College in Canada (1853-62). David Puller Dict Canad Bio
Gerhart Emanuel Vogel 1817-1904 President and Prof. Theology at Heidelberg College and Theological Seminary in Ohio (1851-54), President of Franklin and Marshall College in Pennsylvania (1854-66), President and Prof. Theology at Theological Seminary in Mercersburg (1868-1904). Tadd Ruetenik Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Germain Joseph-Louis 1633-1722 Catholic Priest, Prof. Theology and Philosophy at the Collège des Jésuites in Quebec (1687-1710). David Puller Dict Canad Bio
Gibbons William 1781-1845 Physician in Philadelphia. Eli A. Braun Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Gibbs Josiah Willard 1790-1861 Prof. Sacred Literature at Yale Divinity School (1826-61). Andy Black Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Goddard William Giles 1794-1846 Prof. Moral Philosophy and Metaphysics at Brown (1825-34), Prof. Rhetoric, Evidences of Christianity, and Constitutional Law at Brown (1834-42). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Goodwin Daniel Raynes 1811-1890 Prof. Moral and Intellectual Philosophy at Trinity College in Connecticut (1850s). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Graham William 1745-1799 President and Professor of Moral Philosophy at Liberty Hall Academy (1779-1796) John Shook
Graham Christopher Columbus 1784-1885 Physician, scientist, and writer in Kentucky. Cornelis de Waal A Dictionary of North American Authors Deceased before 1950
Greeley Horace 1811-1872 Abolitionist and editor in New York City. Nataly Chesky Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Green Beriah 1795-1874 Congregational Minister and abolitionist in New York. Alexandra Perry Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Green Ashbel 1762-1848 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Princeton (1812-1822). John Shook
Greene William Batchelder 1819-1878 Unitarian Minister, banking reformer, individualist anarchist Michael Ziser Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Greenwood Isaac 1702-1745 Prof. Mathematics and Experimental Philosophy at Harvard (1728-38). Tim Lyons Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Grimes James Stanley 1807-1903 Lawyer and physician in Boston, New York, and Illinois. Eric v.d. Luft and Owen Anderson Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Grimké Sarah Moore 1792-1873 Abolitionist; feminist; one of the first women to give public lectures in Boston. Dorothy Rogers Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Gros John Daniel 1737-1812 Prof. Moral Philosophy at Columbia (1789-95). Russ Pryba Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Haddock Charles Brickett 1796-1861 Prof. Rhetoric and Oratory at Dartmouth (1819-38), Prof. Intellectual Philosophy and Political Economy at Dartmouth (1838-50). Sean Corbin Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Hale Sarah Josepha Buell 1788-1879 Editor of the first and most successful woman’s magazine in the 19th century, Godey’s Lady’s Book. Hale was a counter-feminist who supported women’s education and employment, but opposed suffrage. Dorothy Rogers Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hamilton Alexander 1757-1804 Revolutionary and federalist political theorist. Rick Kennedy Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hammon Jupiter 1711-1800? African American poet, theologian, and abolitionist in New York and Connecticut. Maurice Hamington Amer Nat Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, WWWHV
Harper Frances Ellen Watkins 1825-1911 Poet, novelist, and lecturer in Pennsylvania. Chielozona Eze Amer Nat Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio
Haven Joseph 1816-1874 Prof. Philosophy at Amherst College (1850-58), Prof. Systematic Theology at Chicago Theological Seminary (1858-70). Alfred Fuchs Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Haynes Lemuel 1753-1833 African American Congregational Minister and theologian in Vermont. Jacob Goodson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Hazard Rowland Gibson 1801-1888 Industrialist and politician in Rhode Island until 1866, thereafter independent author, Trustee of Brown (1869-77). Dereck Coatney Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hecker Isaac Thomas 1819-1888 Catholic Priest and leader of the Paulists in New York City. Robert Wilson-Black Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hedge Levi 1766-1844 Prof. Philosophy at Harvard (1810-32). Cornelis de Waal Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hedge Frederic Henry 1805-1890 Minister in New England, Prof. German at Harvard (1872-1884). James Good Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Henry Caleb Sprague 1804-1884 Minister (1829-37), Prof. History, Belles-lettres, and Philosophy at University of the City of New York (1838-52). James Good Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Henry Robert 1792-1856 Prof. Logic and Moral Philosophy at South Carolina College (now Univ. S.C.) (1818-35), Prof. Metaphysics, Logic, and Belles-lettres at South Carolina College (1839-45), also President there (1842-45). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Balz, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hickok Laurens Perseus 1798-1888 Prof. Theology at Western Reserve College in Ohio (1836-44), Auburn Theological Seminary in New York (1844-52), Prof. Mental and Moral Philosophy at Union College (1852-68). Alfred Fuchs Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Hicks Elias 1748-1830 Quaker Minister, theologian, and abolitionist. Ann Duncan Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hildreth Ezekiel 1784-1856 Teacher in Ohio, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia. Michael West Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Hildreth Richard 1807-1865 Lawyer and editor in Boston and New York. Jon Rogers Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hitchcock Ethan Allen 1798-1870 General in US Army. David Agler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hodge Charles 1797-1878 Prof. Theology at Princeton Theological Seminary (1822-77). C. George Fry Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hodge Hugh Lenox 1796-1873 Prof. Obstetrics at University of Pennsylvania (1835-63). Eric v.d. Luft Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hoge Moses 1752-1820 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia (1807-20). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Holley Horace 1781-1827 President and Prof. Mental and Moral Philosophy at Transylvania University in Kentucky (1818-27). Amanda Lusky Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Holmes Oliver Wendell 1809-1894 Prof. Anatomy and Physiology at Harvard Medical School (1847-82). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Holmes George Frederick 1820-1897 President and Prof. Philosophy at Univ. Mississippi (1848-49), Prof. History, Literature, Political Economy at Univ. Virginia (1857-97). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Holmes John 1799-1852 Prof. Philosophy at Séminaire de Nicolet in Quebec (1819-20, 1821-23), Petit Séminaire de Québec (1827-30). Dict Canad Bio
Holyoke Edward 1689-1769 President of Harvard (1737-69). John Shook
Hooker Thomas 1586-1647 Puritan minister, theologian, and political theorist. Stephen Wilson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hopkins Mark 1802-1887 Prof. Rhetoric and Philosophy at Williams College (1830-36). President and Prof. Philosophy of Williams College (1836-72). Edward O’Brien Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Hopkins Samuel 1721-1803 Congregational Minister and theologian in Rhode Island (1770-1803). Todd Brenneman Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Horton George Moses 1797?-1883 African American abolitionist in North Carolina. Maurice Hamington Amer Nat Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Hosack David 1769-1835 Prof. Botany and Material Medical at Columbia College in NYC (1795-1811), Prof. Theory and Practice of Physic at College of Physicians and Surgeons in NYC (1811-26). Eric v.d. Luft Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Houdet Antoine-Jacques 1763-1826 Catholic Priest, Prof. Philosophy, Science, Mathematics and other subjects at Collège Saint-Raphael (later Collège de Montréal) in Quebec. David Puller Dict Canad Bio
Hughes Henry 1829-1861 Lawyer and politician in Mississippi, pro-slavery advocate. With G. Fitzhugh, first to publish book having “Sociology” in the title. Brian Butler Lives of Mississippi Authors, 1817-1967
Hughes John Joseph 1797-1864 Bishop of New York. Prominent Catholic theologian. John Shook
Humphrey Heman 1779-1861 President of Amherst College in Massachusetts (1823-45). John Shook
Jackson Samuel 1787-1872 Prof. Medicine at University of Pennsylvania (1835-63). Abel Rubén Hernández-Ulloa Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Jackson Abner 1811-1874 Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy at Trinity College in Connecticut (1840-58), President of Hobart College (1858-67), President of Trinity College (1868-74). John Shook
James Henry, Sr. 1811-1882 Religious author in Boston. James Moseley Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Jay John 1745-1829 Revolutionary, Justice of US Supreme Court, Governor of New York. Brian Butler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Jefferson Thomas 1743-1826 3rd President of U.S. Adrian Oldfield Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Johns John 1796-1876 Episcopal Minister, later bishop; President and Prof. Moral and Intellectual Philosophy at College of William and Mary (1849-54). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Johnson Alexander Bryan 1786-1867 Banker in upstate New York, independent writer. Ahti Pietarinen Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Johnson Samuel 1696-1772 President of King’s College in New York (now Columbia) (1754-63). Stephen Wilson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Jones Joseph Huntington 1797-1868 Presbyterian Minister in Philadelphia. Bonnie Meyer Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Jones Hiram Kinnaird 1818-1903 Professor of Philosophy (1866-1898) at Illinois College. David Pfeifer
Junkin George 1790-1868 President of Lafayette College (1832-41, 1844-48), President of Miami University in Ohio (1841-43), President and Professor of Moral Philosophy at Washington College in Virginia (1848-1861) John Shook
Kaufmann Peter 1800-1869 Christian perfectionist, socialist, and Hegelian in Ohio. Joseph Palencik Amer Nat Bio
Kenrick Francis Patrick 1797-1863 Bishop of Philadelphia and then Baltimore. Prominent Catholic theologian. John Shook
Kent James 1763-1847 Prof. Law at Columbia (1793-98, 1823-26), Chief Justice of NY Supreme Court (1804-14). Brian Butler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Kinmont Alexander 1799-1838 Scotch scholar and thinker, who came to Cincinnati in 1827 and operated an academy. Joseph Palencik Ohio Authors and Their Books. Biography included with his 1839 book.
Kneeland Abner 1774-1844 Unitarian minister turned materialist and atheist in Massachusetts. John Shook
Knowlton Charles 1800-1850 Physician in Massachusetts, first American advocate of contraception and early materialist. Francine Netter Roberson Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Kohlmann Anthony 1771-1836 Professor and Rector at Georgetown College. Prominent Catholic theologian. John Shook
La Borde Maximillian 1804-1873 Prof. Logic and Belles-lettres at South Carolina College (now Univ. South Carolina) (1842-45), Prof. Metaphysics at South Carolina (1845-65). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Balz, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
La Brosse Jean Baptiste de 1724-1782 Professor at Collège des Jésuites in Quebec (1756-58), missionary. John Shook
Labaree Benjamin 1801-1883 President of Middlebury College in Vermont (1840-1866) John Shook
Ladd William 1778-1841 Pacifist, founded American Peace Society in 1828. Michael Ziser Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Lathrop John Hiram 1799-1866 Prof. Law, Civil Polity and Political Economy at Hamilton College in upstate New York (1835-41), President of Univ. Missouri (1841-49, 1865-66), Prof. Mental, Moral, and Political Philosophy at Missouri (1863-65). Kevin Tanner Smith, WWWHV.
Law Thomas 1756-1834 Independent writer in Washington, D.C. Cornelis de Waal Dictionary of National Biography: The Concise Dictionary
Leach William Turnbull 1805-1886 Prof. Literature (1846-83) and Philosophy (1853-72) at McGill University in Montreal. John Shook Dict Canad Bio
Lesieur-Désaulniers Isaac-Stanislas 1811-1868 Prof. Philosophy at Séminaire de Saint-Hyacinthe in Quebec (1831-33, 1837-49, 1860-68). Blake Ellis Dict Canad Bio
Leverett John 1662-1724 Fellow and Tutor at Harvard (1685-1700), President of Harvard (1707-24). Michael Dopffel Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Lieber Francis 1798-1872 Prof. History and Political Economy at South Carolina College (1835-56), Prof. History and Political Science at Columbia (1857-72). John Catalano Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Lincoln Abraham 1809-1865 16th President of U.S. William Elkins Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Long Clement 1806-1861 Professor of Philosophy in Western Reserve College in Ohio (1834-44), Prof. Theology there (1844-52). Professor of Philosophy at Dartmouth College (1851-52, 1854-61). John Shook
Longstreet Augustus Baldwin 1790-1870 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Emory College (1839-48), President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Univ. Mississippi (1849-56), President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at South Carolina College (1856-61). Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Lord Nathan 1792-1870 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Dartmouth (1828-63). John Shook Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Ludlow John 1793-1857 Provost (1834-1852) and Prof. Moral Philosophy (1834-54) at Univ. Pennsylvania. John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Lyall William 1811-1890 Prof. Philosophy at Free Church College in Nova Scotia (1850-60), Dalhousie University  in Nova Scotia (1863-90). Elizabeth Trott Dict Canad Bio
Mackall Louis 1801-1876 Physician, author of several works on psychological and scientific topics. Eric v.d. Luft Dictionary of American Medical Biography
Madison James 1749-1812 Episcopal Minister, later 1st bishop in Virginia, President of College of William and Mary (1777-1812), also Prof. Moral Philosophy there. Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Madison James 1751-1836 4th President of U.S. Shane Ralston Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Mahan Asa 1799-1889 President and Prof. of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy at Oberlin College in Ohio (1835-50), Cleveland University (1850-55), Adrian College in Michigan (1860-71). Philip Harrold Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Manly Basil 1798-1868 President and Prof. Moral and Mental Philosophy at Univ. Alabama (1837-55). Deacon Newhouse Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Mann Horace 1796-1859 Lawyer, politician, educator in Massachusetts. Blanche Henderson Brick Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Manning James 1738-1791 President of College of Rhode Island (Brown) (1765-1791). John Shook
Marsh James 1794-1842 President of Univ. Vermont (1826-33), Prof. Philosophy at Vermont (1833-42). Ethan Schrum Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Marsh George Perkins 1801-1882 Lawyer and naturalist in Vermont and later US Minister to Italy (1861-82) Sean Brown Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Mather Increase 1639-1723 Congregational Minister and theologian in Boston, President of Harvard (1686-1701). Jan Stievermann Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Mather Cotton 1663-1728 Congregational Minister and theologian in Boston. Robert Brown Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Maxcy Jonathan 1768-1820 President of Rhode Island College (now Brown) (1792-1802), President of Union College in upstate New York (1802-1804), President of South Carolina College (1805-20). Jacob Goodson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Mayhew Jonathan 1720-1766 Congregational Minister and theologian in Boston. John Mullins Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
McGuffey William Holmes 1800-1873 Prof. Moral Philosophy at Univ. Virginia (1845-73). Caleb Puckett Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
McIlvaine Charles Pettit 1799-1873 Prof. Evidences of Revealed Religion at University of the City of New York (now New York University) (1831-1832), President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Kenyon College in Ohio (1832-40). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
McKeen Joseph 1757-1807 President at Bowdoin College in Maine (1802-1807). John Shook
McKnight John 1754-1823 Prof. Moral Philosophy and Logic at Columbia (1795-1799). Professor of moral philosophy and logic (1795-1799) Russ Pryba
McVickar John 1787-1868 Prof. Moral Philosophy at Columbia (1817-57), Prof. Evidences of Natural and Revealed Religion at Columbia (1857-64). Robin Vandome Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Meigs Charles Delucena 1792-1869 Prof. Obstetrics and Diseases of Women at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia (1841-61). Eric v.d. Luft Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Meigs Josiah 1757-1822 President and Prof. Philosophy at Univ. Georgia (1800-10), President of Columbian College (now George Washington Univ.) (1819-22). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Mercer Margaret 1791-1846 Operated a womens academy in Virginia, authored textbooks. Dorothy Rogers
Messer Asa 1769-1836 President of Brown (1802-26), also taught philosophy during presidency. John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Miles James Warley 1818-1875 Prof. History of Intellectual Philosophy and Greek Literature at College of Charleston, S.C. (1850-54, 1866-71). Michael Royster Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Milledoler Philip 1775-1852 President at Rutgers (1825-1840). Teaches moral philosophy. John Shook
Miller Samuel 1769-1850 Presbyterian Minister, Prof. Ecclesiastical History and Church Government at Princeton (1813-49). Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Minto Walter 1753-1796 Prof. Mathematics and Natural Philosophy at Princeton (1787-96). Irving Anellis Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Moore Zepheniah Swift 1773-1823 President of Williams College (1815-1821), President of Amherst College (1821-23). John Shook
Moore Benjamin 1748-1816 Episcopal Bishop; Prof. Rhetoric and Logic at Columbia (1784-86), President of Columbia (1801-11). Russ Pryba Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Moore James 1764-1814 Prof. Logic, Metaphysics, Moral Philosophy, and Belles-lettres at Transylvania University in Kentucky (1799-1804). Amanda Lusky Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Morgan Lewis Henry 1818-1881 Known as “Father of American Anthropology” Cornelis de Waal Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Morton Charles 1627?-1698 Lecturer on experimental science and psychology at Harvard (1687-1698). Mark Burden Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Mott Lucretia Coffin 1793-1880 Reformer for suffrage, temperance, abolition. Alexandra Perry Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Munsell Oliver 1825-1905 President of Illinois Wesleyan (1857-1875). John Shook
Murray Judith Sargeant Stevens 1751-1820 Poet and essayist, feminist and social reformer in Massachusetts. Therese Dykeman Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, WWWHV
Nairne Charles Murray 1808-1882 Prof. Moral and Intellectual Philosophy and Literature at Columbia (1857-81), Prof. Ethics of Jurisprudence (1860-68), Prof. History and Political Economy (1865-1876). Russ Pryba Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Nevin John Williamson 1803-1886 Prof. Theology at Western Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania (1830-40), Mercersburg Seminary (1840-53), Prof. History and Aesthetics at Franklin and Marshall College in Pennsylvania (1861-66), President of Franklin and Marshall (1866-76). Jonathan Sands Wise Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Newman Samuel Phillips 1797-1842 Prof. Civil Polity and Political Economy at Bowdoin College in Maine (1824-39). Deacon Newhouse Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Nisbet Charles 1736-1804 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Dickinson College in Pennsylvania (1785-1804). Rusty Roberson Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Norton Andrews 1786-1853 Professor of Sacred Literature at Harvard Divinity School (1819-29). Michael Lee Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Nott Eliphalet 1773-1866 President of Union College in New York (1804-1866), also taught Moral Philosophy. Robert Main Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Noyes John Humphrey 1811-1886 Established Oneida (New York) Community in 1848. Rhonda Ragsdale Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Odelin Jacques 1789-1841 Catholic Priest and theologian in Quebec. Seth Batiste Dict Canad Bio
Offen Benjamin 1772-1848 Freethinker in New York City Russ Pryba
Ogilvie James 1760-1820 Prof. Rhetoric at South Carolina College (now Univ. South Carolina) (1817?-20) John Shook
Olin Stephen 1797-1851 Prof. Ethics and Belles-lettres at Univ. Georgia (1826-33), President and Prof. Mental/Moral Science, Belles-lettres, Political Philosophy at Randolph-Macon College in Virginia (1834-37), President of Wesleyan Univ. in Connecticut (1842-51). Tadd Ruetenik Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Oliver Daniel 1787-1842 Professor of Medicine at Dartmouth (1820-1837), also Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy (1825-1828), Professor of Intellectual Philosophy (1828-1837). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Owen Robert Dale 1801-1877 Social reformer and freethinker. Alexandra Perry Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Paine Robert 1799-1882 President of Lagrange College, Alabama (1830-46) John Shook
Paine Martyn 1794-1877 Prof. Medicine at University of the City of New York (later New York University) (1841-77). Francine Netter Roberson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Paine Thomas 1737-1809 Revolutionary and rationalist. Tim Binga Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Palmer Elihu 1764-1806 Deist in Philadelphia and New York City. Kyle Potter Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, WWWHV
Park Calvin 1774-1847 Prof. Moral Philosophy and Metaphysics at Brown (1811-25). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Park Edwards Amasa 1808-1900 Prof. Theology at Andover Seminary in Massachusetts (1836-81). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Park Roswell 1807-1869 Prof. Chemistry and Natural Philosophy at Univ. Pennsylvania (1836-42), President of Racine College in Wisconsin (1852-59). Cornelis de Waal Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Parker Theodore 1810-1860 Transcendentalist in Boston. David Davis Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Parrish Joseph 1779-1840 Physician in Philadelphia. Eric v.d. Luft Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Payne Daniel Alexander 1811-1893 African Methodist Episcopal Minister and President of Wilberforce College in Ohio (1863-76). Anthony B. Pinn Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Peabody Elizabeth Palmer 1804-1894 Independent philosopher and educator in Massachusetts. Monika Elbert Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Pearl Cyril 1805-1865 Congregational Minister and teacher in Maine. Wrote “Youth’s book on the mind: embracing the outlines of the intellect, the sensibilities, and the will” (1842). Cornelis de Waal A Dictionary of North American Authors Deceased before 1950
Peirce Benjamin 1809-1880 Prof. Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, and Astronomy at Harvard (1883-80). Albert Lewis and Nathan Houser Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Penn William 1644-1718 Founder and Governor of Pennsylvania (1682-1718). Andrew Murphy Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Perkins John 1698-1781 Physician in Massachusetts, political theorist. Wrote “Theory of Agency; or, an Essay on the Nature, Source and Extent of Moral Freedom” (1771). Harry Whitaker and Robin Mackie
Phelps Almira Hart Lincoln 1793-1884 Science educator, feminist in New England. 2nd woman elected to American Association for the Advancement of Science (1859). Marta Pires Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Phillips Wendell 1811-1884 Abolitionist and social philosopher in Boston. John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Pond Enoch 1791-1882 Prof. Theology at Bangor Theological Seminary in Maine (1856-82). Kyle Potter Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Porter Noah 1811-1892 Prof. Philosophy at Yale (1847-92), President of Yale (1871-86). Edward O’Brien Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Potter Alonzo 1800-1865 Prof. Moral and Intellectual Philosophy and Political Economy at Union College in upstate New York (1831-38), Vice President of Union College (1838-45). Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Priestley Joseph 1733-1804 Scientist, Unitarian in Pennsylvania. John Stephens Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Purcell John Baptist 1800-1883 Professor of Moral Philosophy at Mount St. Mary’s College, then Bishop of Cincinnati. Prominent Catholic theologian. John Shook
Quimby Phineas Parkhurst 1802-1866 A founder of the New Thought movement. David Schmidt Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Rauch Frederick Augustus 1806-1841 Philosopher and theologian in Pennsylvania. James Good Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Raue Charles Gottlieb (Godlove) 1820-1896 Physician and psychologist in Philadelphia Mary Hitchcock Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Rawle Francis 1662-1726 Judge and politician in Pennsylvania. Karen Hoffman Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Ray Isaac 1807-1881 Psychiatrist in Maine. Eric v.d. Luft Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Raymond Joseph-Sabin 1810-1887 Catholic Priest, Prof. Philosophy (1832-36) and Theology (1852-62) at Séminaire de Saint-Hyacinthe in Quebec, also Superior there (1847–53, 1859–83). Autumn Woods Dict Canad Bio
Raymond Daniel 1786-1849 Lawyer in Baltimore (1814-40). Marc-William Palen Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Reed Sampson 1800-1880 Businessman and editor in Boston. Steven Takacs Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, WWWHV
Reese Thomas 1742-1796 Presbyterian Minister in South Carolina, wrote “An Essay on the Influence of Religion in Civil Society” (1788). Andy Black Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio
Reeve Tapping 1744-1823 Lawyer, political and legal theorist in Connecticut, Head of his Litchfield Law School (1784-98), Judge of Connecticut Superior Court (1798-1814). Brian Butler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Remond Sarah Parker 1826-1894 African American abolitionist and feminist in Boston, New York, and England. Katrina Anderson Amer Nat Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio
Rey Anthony 1807-1847 Prof. Philosophy at Georgetown (1840-45). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Ricord Elizabeth Stryker 1788-1865 Principal of the Geneva Female Seminary in Geneva, New York (1829-40). Wrote “Elements of the Philosophy of Mind, Applied to the Developement of Thought and Feeling” (1840). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Ripley George 1802-1880 Unitarian Minister in Boston, Editor in New York City. Blake Ellis Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Rivers Richard Henderson 1814-1894 Methodist Minister, President of several small colleges in Alabama and Louisiana (1843-69). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Robinson Ezekiel Gilman 1815-1894 President of Brown University (1872-89). John Shook
Rose Ernestine 1810-1892 Feminist, freethinker, and political theorist. Paula Doress-Worters and Kristin Waters Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Ross James 1811-1886 Prof. Philosophy at Presbyterian theological seminary at West River in Nova Scotia (1848-58), President of Dalhousie College in Nova Scotia (1863-85). David Puller Dict Canad Bio
Ruffner Henry 1790-1861 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Washington College in Virginia (1836-48). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Balz, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Rush Benjamin 1746-1813 Revolutionary, Physician, Prof. Chemistry at College of Philadelphia (1769-91), Professor of Medical Theory and Clinical Practice at Univ. Pennsylvania (1791-1813) Dan O’Brien and Lucy Russell Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Rush James 1786-1869 Physician, psychologist in Philadelphia. Mary M. Manning Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Ryder James 1800-1860 Professor of Philosophy and Theology (1829-1840), President (1840-1845, 1848-1851) at Georgetown College. Prominent Catholic theologian.
Ryerson Egerton 1803-1882 Prominent educator and administrator in Ontario, Canada Charlie Hobbs Dict Canad Bio
Sanders Daniel Clarke 1768-1850 President of University of Vermont (1800-14) John Shook
Sawyer Leicester Ambrose 1807-1898 Congregational Minister in Connecticut (1832-43), President of Central College in Ohio (1843-54). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Schaff Philip 1819-1893 Prof. Theology at German Reformed Seminary in Pennsylvania (1844-63), Prof. Theology at Union Theological Seminary (1870-93). Dana Noelle Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Schmucker Samuel Simon 1799-1873 Prof. Theology at Lutheran Theological Seminary (1826-64). John Shook
Sears Barnas 1802-1880 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Brown (1855-67). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Sedgwick Catherine Maria 1789-1867 Novelist, counter-feminist and domestic sphere proponent in Massachusetts. Lucinda L. Damon-Bach Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Shedd William Greenough Thayer 1820-1894 Prof. English Literature at Univ. Vermont (1845-52), Prof. Church History at Auburn Presbyterian Seminary in New York (1854-62), Prof. Theology at Union Theological Seminary (1863-93). Jeff Wilcox Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Shurtleff Roswell 1773-1861 Professor of Divinity at Dartmouth (1804-1827), Professor of Moral Philosophy and Political Economy (1827-1838) John Shook
Sigourney Lydia Howard Huntley 1791-1865 Author and lecturer, social reformer, counter-feminist and domestic sphere proponent; sympathized w/South during Civil War. Marta Pires Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Small William 1734-1775 Prof. Natural Philosophy at College of William and Mary (1758-64) John Shook
Smith Elizabeth Oakes Prince 1806-1893 Essayist, feminist, abolitionist, and social reformer in New York. Dorothy Rogers Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Smith John Blair 1756-1799 Professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia (1775-1779), President of Hampden-Sydney (1779-89), President of Union College in NY (1795-99) John Shook
Smith Henry Boynton 1815-1877 Prof. Philosophy at Amherst College in Massachusetts (1847-50), Prof. Theology at Union Theological Seminary (1850-74). Walter Conser Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Smith Samuel Stanhope 1751-1819 Prof. Moral Philosophy at Princeton (1779-95), President of Princeton (1795-1812). Jacob Goodson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Smith John Augustine 1782-1865 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at College of William and Mary (1814-25), Prof. Anatomy, Surgery, and Physiology at College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York (1825-31), President of College of Physicians and Surgeons (1831-43). Eric v.d. Luft Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Smith William 1727-1803 Provost (1754-79, 1789-91) and Prof. Ethics (1754-91) at College of Philadelphia. Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Smith William Andrew 1802-1870 President and Prof. Moral and Intellectual Philosophy at Randolph-Macon College in Virginia (1846-66). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Smith Henry 1805-1879 Prof. Greek and Latin at Marietta College in Ohio (1835-46), President and Prof. Moral and Intellectual Philosophy at Marietta (1846-55). John Shook
Sparks Jared 1789-1866 Prof. History at Harvard (1839-49), President of Harvard (1849-53). Shannon Duffy Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Spooner Lysander 1808-1887 Abotionist, political philosopher in Massachusetts and Ohio Raymond Krohn
Squier Miles Powell 1792-1866 Prof. Intellectual and Moral Philosophy at Beloit College in Wisconsin (1849-63). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Stanton Elizabeth Cady 1815-1902 Feminist and suffrage leader in New York State. Jean Van Delinder Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Staughton William 1770-1829 President and Prof. Philosophy at Columbian College (now George Washington University) (1822-29) John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Stearns John 1770-1848 Physician in New York. Mary M. Manning Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Stephens Alexander Hamilton 1812-1883 Politician and constitutional scholar in Georgia, Vice President of Confederacy (1861-65). Brian Butler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Stewart Maria Miller 1803-1879 African American abolitionist and feminist in Boston and Washington, DC. Katrina Anderson Amer Nat Bio, Dict Lit Bio
Stiles Ezra 1727-1795 President of Yale (1778-1795), taught most subjects. Roger Ward Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Stockton Annis Boudinet 1736-1801 Political and philosophical poet in New Jersey; hosted a woman’s salon there; friend and correspondent of Rev War-era leaders Dorothy Rogers and Alexandra Perry Amer Nat Bio
Stone Lucy 1818-1893 Feminist and abolitionist writer in Massachusetts and New Jersey. Susanna Jones Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Storer David Humphreys 1804-1891 Prof. Obstetrics and Medical Jurisprudence (1854-68) and Dean (1855-64) of Harvard Medical School. Eric v.d. Luft Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Story Joseph 1779-1845 Justice of US Supreme Court (1812-45), Prof. Law at Harvard (1829-45). Brian Butler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Stuart Moses 1780-1852 Prof. Theology at Andover Theological Seminary (1810-48). Jeff Wilcox Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Sumner Charles 1811-1874 US Senator, political theorist, abolitionist in Massachusetts. Alexandra Perry Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Sunderland LeRoy 1802-1885 Independent theologian and philosopher, prominent atheist. David Schmidt Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Swain David Lowry 1801-1868 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics, Political Economy, and Law at Univ. North Carolina (1835-68). Brian Butler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, Smith, WWWHV
Sweetser William 1797-1875 Prof. Medicine at University of Vermont (1825-32), Bowdoin College (1845-61). Eric v.d. Luft Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Tappan Henry Philip 1805-1881 Prof. Intellectual and Moral Philosophy and Belles-lettres at University of the City of New York (later New York University) (1832-38), President and Prof. Philosophy at Univ. Michigan (1852-63). Benjamin Park Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Taschereau Elzear-Alexandre 1820-1898 Prof. Theology at Petit Séminaire in Quebec (1837-42), Prof. Theology and Philosophy at Grand Séminaire in Quebec (1842-54), Archbishop and Cardinal of Quebec (1871-98). John Shook Dict Canad Bio
Taylor John 1753-1824 Politician, political theorist in Virginia. Brian Butler Amer Nat Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Taylor Nathaniel William 1786-1858 Prof. Theology at Yale (1822-58). Kyle Welty Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Ten Brook Andrew 1814-1899 Prof. Moral and Intellectual Philosophy at Univ. Michigan (1844-51). John Shook
Thoreau Henry David 1817-1862 Writer, philosopher in Massachusetts. David Davis Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Thornwell James Henley 1812-1862 Prof. Metaphysics at South Carolina College (now Univ. South Carolina) (1837-40), Prof. Theology at South Carolina College (1841-51). Elmer Duncan Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Balz, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Ticknor Caleb 1805-1840 Physician in New York. Eric v.d. Luft Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Torrey Joseph 1797-1867 Prof. Greek and Latin at Vermont (1827-42), Prof. Philosophy at Vermont (1842-67), President of Vermont (1862-67). Charles Anthony Earls Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
True Charles Kittridge 1809-1878 Prof. Moral and Intellectual Philosophy at Wesleyan University in Connecticut (1849-60). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Truth Sojourner 1797?-1883 Abolitionist and feminist. Nancy Schluter Amer Nat Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio
Tucker George 1775-1861 Prof. Moral Philosophy at Univ. Virginia (1825-45). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Tucker St. George 1752-1827 Prof. Law at College of William and Mary in Virginia (1790-1803). Brian Butler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Turner Jonathan Baldwin 1805-1899 Prof. Rhetoric and Belles-lettres at Illinois College (1834-47). David Pfeifer Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Tuthill Louisa Caroline Huggins 1799-1879 Author on women’s education and architecture, editor of Ruskin’s writings in Connecticut. Sabrina Misir-Hirilall Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Tyler Samuel 1809-1877 Lawyer and philosopher in Maryland John Shook
Upham Thomas Cogswell 1799-1872 Prof. Philosophy at Bowdoin College in Maine (1824-68). Alfred Fuchs Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Vanderburgh Federal 1788-1868 Physician in Connecticut, a founder of homeopathy. Judith A. Wiener
Vethake Henry 1792-1866 Provost and Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy Univ. Pennsylvania (1853-59). Sean Corbin Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Waddel Moses 1770-1840 President and Prof. Philosophy at Univ. Georgia (1819-1829). John Shook Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Wadsworth Benjamin 1669-1737 President of Harvard (1725-37). John Shook
Wait Samuel 1789-1867 President of Wake Forest College in North Carolina (1833-45) John Shook
Walker James 1794-1874 Prof. Natural Religion, Moral Philosophy, and Civil Polity at Harvard (1839-53), President of Harvard (1853-60). Robin Vandome Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Walker David 1796?-1830 African American abolitionist in Boston. Darryl Scriven Amer Nat Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Ware William 1797-1852 Unitarian Minister, theologian and author in New York and Massachusetts. Roger Ward Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Ware Henry, Jr. 1794-1843 Prof. Pastoral Theology and Pulpit Eloquence at Harvard Divinity School (1830-1842), also taught moral philosophy (1837-42). Andy Black Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Ware Henry 1764-1845 Prof. Theology at Harvard (1805-45). Jonathan Hartog Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Warren Mercy Otis 1728-1814 Poet and historian, wrote “Observations on the New Constitution” (1788). Therese Dykeman Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Warren Josiah 1798-1874 Inventor, social and political philosopher, anarchist in Ohio, Illinois, and New York. Raymond Krohn Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Wasson David Atwood 1823-1887 Independent Minister in Massachusetts, minor transcendentalist. Joseph Palencik Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio. See Stearns, “Sketches from Concord and Appledore”
Wayland Francis 1796-1865 President of Brown (1827-55). David Pfeifer Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Webster Noah 1758-1843 Teacher, author, and lexicographer in Connecticut. Caleb Puckett
Weiss John 1818-1879 Unitarian Minister, abolitionist. David Puller Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Weld Theodore Dwight 1803-1895 Abolitionist in New York and Massachusetts. Dorothy Rogers Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Weld Angelina Emily Grimke 1805-1879 Abolitionist and feminist. Dorothy Rogers Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
West Samuel 1730-1807 Congregational Minister and theologian in Massachusetts. Stephen Wilson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
West Stephen 1735?-1819 Congregational Minister, Vice President of Williams College in Massachusetts (1793-1812). Wrote “Essay on Moral Agency: Remarks on Edwards’s ‘Inquiry on the Freedom of the Will'” (1772). Adam Glover Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio
Wheat John Thomas 1801-1888 Prof. Rhetoric and Logic at Univ. North Carolina (1850-60). Benjamin Peltz Balz, Dictionary of North Carolina Biography
Whedon Daniel Denison 1808-1885 Prof. Ancient Languages and Literature at Wesleyan University in Connecticut (1833-43), Prof. Logic, Rhetoric, and Philosophy of History at Michigan (1845-51), Editor of Methodist Quarterly Review in New York (1856-84). Charles Yrigoyen, Jr. Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Wheelock John 1754-1817 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Dartmouth (1779-1817). John Shook
Wheelock Elizear 1711-1779 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Dartmouth (1769-79). John Shook
Whipper William 1804-1876 African American abolitionist in Pennsylvania. John Shook Amer Nat Bio
White Henry 1800-1850 Prof. Systematic Theology at Union Theological Seminary (1828-50). Roger Ward Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
White Charles 1795-1861 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Wabash College in Indiana (1841-61). John Shook Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Smith
Whitman Walt 1819-1892 Poet and writer in New York and New Jersey. Edward O’Brien Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Wigglesworth Edward 1693-1765 First Hollis Professor of Divinity at Harvard (1722-1765) John Shook
Wight Orlando Williams 1824-1888 Unitarian Minister and physician in New Jersey, Wisconsin, and Michigan. Cornelis de Waal Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Willard Samuel 1775-1859 Unitarian Minister in Massachusetts. Kyle Potter Amer Nat Bio, Dict Amer Bio, WWWHV
Willard Joseph 1738-1804 President of Harvard (1781-1804) John Shook
Willard Samuel 1640-1707 Congregational Minister and theologian in Boston, Fellow and Vice-President of Harvard (1700-1707). Harry Maddux Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Willard Emma Hart 1787-1870 Feminist and educational theorist in New York. Amrita Banerjee Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Williams Elisha 1694-1755 Congregational Minister in Connecticut, President of Yale (1726-39). George Levesque Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Williams Roger 1603?-1683 Minister in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. James Davis Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Willich August 1810-1878 Army officer and communist leader in Germany (1831-50) and Ohio (1854-65), Independent scholar in Ohio (1865-78). James Good Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Wilson James 1742-1798 Revolutionary, Prof. Law at Univ. Pennsylvania (1790-98). Brian Butler Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Winchell Alexander 1824-1891 Prof. Geology, Zoology, and Botany at Univ. Michigan (1855-73), Prof. Geology and Paleontology at Michigan (1879-1891). Dereck Coatney Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Wingate Washington Manly 1828-1879 President and Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy and Rhetoric of Wake Forest College in North Carolina (1853-79). John Shook Encyclopedia of Southern Baptists, Dictionary of North Carolina Biography
Wingate Washington Manly Wingate 1828-1879 President and Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy and Rhetoric of Wake Forest College in North Carolina (1853-79). John Shook
Winslow Hubbard 1799-1864 Minister in New England. John Tilley Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Winthrop John 1588-1649 Governor of Massachusetts (1629-34, 1637-40, 1642-44, 1646-49). Francis Bremer Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Wise John 1652-1725 Puritan minister, theologian, and political theorist. Stephen Wilson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Wise Isaac Mayer 1819-1900 Jewish Reformed rabbi in New York and Ohio. Henry Bowden Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Comp Amer Thought, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Encyc Amer Bio, Encyc Relig, Nat Cycl Amer Bio
Witherspoon John 1723-1794 President of College of New Jersey (Princeton) (1768-94). Stephen Wilson Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Woods Alva 1794-1887 President of Transylvania University in Kentucky (1828-31), President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Univ. Alabama (1831-37). Deacon Newhouse Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Woods Leonard 1774-1854 Prof. Theology at Andover Theological Seminary (1808-46). Jonathan Hartog Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Woolman John 1720-1772 Quaker leader, abolitionist in New Jersey. Scott Heerman Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Religious Bio, Dict Lit Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Woolsey Theodore Dwight 1801-1889 Prof. Greek at Yale (1831-46), President of Yale (1846-71). Christopher Lucas Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Wright Frances 1795-1852 Feminist, abolitionist, anti-religious freethinker in New York City and Tennessee. Therese Dykeman Amer Nat Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, WWWHV
Wylie Andrew 1789-1851 President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Washington College in Pennsylvania (1816-28), President and Prof. Moral Philosophy at Indiana Univ. (1828-51). Mathew Pamental Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Wyman Rufus 1778-1842 Physician and Superintendent of McLean Asylum at Harvard (1818-1837). Wrote “A discourse on mental philosophy as connected with mental disease, delivered before the Massachusetts Medical Society, June 2, 1830” (1830) Jeffrey Mifflin
Wythe George 1726?-1806 Prof. Law at College of William and Mary in Virginia (1770-90). Joseph Palencik Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV
Young Thomas 1731-1777 Freethinker, deist, and revolutionary in New York John Shook

 

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